Data underlying the publication: Dry fractionation for endosperm recovery from a barley malt waste stream.
Cereal processing industry removes the fibrous tissues from kernels via abrasive milling, but this tends to remove part of the valuable endosperm components as well.
Therefore, endosperm recovery from such abraded barley malt material (53% endosperm and 47% husk) was evaluated for three dry separation technologies.
Electrostatic separation recovered 25% of the endosperm at 85% purity and this recovery increased to 39% in a second run, which indicated potential to further improve the setup.
Increasingly finer sieves removed up to 40% of the husk with little endosperm loss, but further husk removal up to 95% by the finest sieve reduced the endosperm yield to 54% due to decreasing differences in smallest diameter between the endosperm and husk particles.
Air classification outperformed sieving by yielding 71% of the endosperm while removing 95% of the husk, and further, less selective air classification steps could yield up to 94% of the endosperm while still removing 59% of the husk.
Moreover, such additional air classification steps currently recovered residual endosperm particles more selectively than electrostatic separation after an initial air classification.
Overall, air classification after abrasive milling increased the removal of insoluble matter from malted barley kernels.
The loss of soluble endosperm components remained similar to the loss as observed in a single abrasive milling step.
- 2023-08-21 first online, published, posted
Laboratory of Physics and Physical Chemistry of Foods, Wageningen University & Research