Stability of wide-graded rubble mounds
datasetposted on 30.06.2013, 00:00 by D. (Davide) Merli
The Delft University of Technology provided the laboratory facilities to carry out physical model tests on a wide graded rubble mound structure representative of the core of a breakwater. The parameter D85/D15, describing the stone-size gradation of the construction material, was varied between the values 2.71 and 17.7, and two different seaward slopes of the model structure were also tested. The reshaped cross-shore profiles measured during the tests showed how if the grading increases the stability of the structure is reduced. In conclusion, this research points out how the formulas provided by the technical literature are not reliable in representing the effects of a very wide stone-size gradation in the stability of a rubble mound structure. Physical model tests proved to be a suited way to investigate these effects, as the nature of the phenomena who play a role in the stability does not allow a simple analytical representation. The tests carried out within the present study lead to the implementation of a numerical model of practical use for engineers and contractors: further investigations through laboratory tests are recommended to validate and extend the findings of this study. Another proposed direction for further research is the comparison between the results of physical model tests and the output of numerical models.